Photo by Markus Spiske on Unsplash
Ivan Illyin, ALexander Dugin, Wikimedia.
Halford Mackinder’s Heartland Theory
Halford Mackinder’s Heartland Theory. Wikimedia
Photo by Ahmed Zalabany on Unsplash

“…a form of political behaviour marked by obsessive preoccupation with community decline, humiliation, or victim-hood and by compensatory cults of unity, energy, and purity, in which a mass-based party of committed nationalist militants, working in uneasy but effective collaboration with traditional elites, abandons democratic liberties and pursues with redemptive violence and without ethical or legal restraints goals of internal cleansing and external expansion.”

Photo by Brett Jordan on Unsplash

 by the author.




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